China's Aerogel Industry Needs to Overcome the Bottleneck
2017-12-25 17:47:43 From: Tradematt-Aerogel
Due to its unique structural properties and broad application prospects, China aerogels have attracted a great deal of research interest once discovered. The most memorable node in the history of aerogels industrialization is the 1999 AspenSystems The company to undertake the subject of NASA prepared fiber composite aerogels super insulation material, and then in 2001 set up the AspenAerogel company for the commercial operation of aerogels, aerogels opened as a super insulation material industrial prologue. On October 26, 2015, Aspen's third aerogels line at its East Providence facility was opened for ribbon cutting.
China aerogels research started in the 90s of last century, focusing on Tongji University, Tsinghua University, Central South University, National Defense University and other famous universities, the commercial operation of aerogels companies concentrated in Zhejiang Nano, Guangdong Elixir, aerospace Wujiang Beijing Construction and other companies. China's aerogels industry belongs to the early stage of industrialization, showing small-scale, low output, shortage of funds, large-scale commercial application of the status quo, and the reasons behind the existence of these symptoms can be summarized into four aspects.
First, the core technical strength needs to be improved.
China aerogels industrialization basis and premise is to ensure the leading and continuous improvement of scientific research strength. Laws, policies, standards, input, technology and other aspects of the development of China's aerogels industry are crucial, and the key technologies play a direct role. In order to survive and develop in a highly competitive market, enterprises must rely on technological innovation, adapt to changes in the environment, master key core technologies, and continuously push forward key core technologies to achieve long-term development. China's aerogels industry faces the problems of low level of industry, tracking of basic and core technologies, serious shortage of inputs, lack of participation in international competitiveness, etc. These problems lie in the following aspects: weak technological innovation capability, lack of mastery of key core technologies, Efficiency needs to be improved. All these problems restrict the development of China's aerogels industry from different aspects and to different degrees.
Second, systematic policy support to be done.
China's aerogels industry is a typical high-tech high value-added industry, but it also means high-risk and high-input industries. Its industrialization depends on the positive guidance and concrete support of the national policies. In 2014 and 2015, the Chinese government listed aerogels as the "Catalog of National Key Energy-saving and Low-carbon Technologies" for two consecutive years. This is an active policy guide. However, at present, as a whole, the guidance and support of the State are rather fragmented and lack the overall planning at the national level. In some guiding policies that have emerged, concrete implementation measures and detailed rules are still needed to bring them to the ground in order to have a positive effect on the industrialization of China's aerogels.
Third, the need for synergies between enterprises.
China's aerogels industry belongs to the budding stage of development, at this stage, it should require the coordinated development of all enterprises to jointly promote the rise of the entire industry. However, looking at one of the few existing aerogels enterprises, the enterprises basically belong to their respective war models, and have not formed a good synergistic development effect. Even in some experimental application requirements, there has been a phenomenon of low price competition.
Fourth, the market needs cultivation cycle.
As a new industry, the industrialization of China's new aerogels materials, especially its market development needs to go through a long process. On the one hand, aerogels materials show obvious application advantages compared with traditional insulation materials. On the other hand, the production cost of aerogels material in the pre-industrialization stage is higher than that of the existing similar products. In the market cultivation, product promotion needs to be gradually obtained Customer acceptance and approval.